Tinkering with School’s Syllabus

By Asad Mirza

In a completely uncalled for move, the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has revised its syllabus for students of Classes 9 to 12 in the name of handling the stressful situation of teachers and students in view of the continuing Covid-19.

The Union human resource development (HRD) minister Ramesh Pokhriyal in a series of Tweets said that, ‘Looking at the extraordinary situation prevailing in the country and the world, it has been decided to rationalise syllabus up to 30% by retaining the core concepts.’

Deleted Topics

CBSE has removed several chapters from various subjects in order to reduce the course load on teachers and students. Some of the important chapters that have been deleted include: Federalism, citizenship, nationalism and secularism from class 11th political science subject besides India’s foreign relations with neighbouring countries and citizenship. Complete chapter on Social and New Social Movements in India from class 12th political science paper. Demonetisation from class 12th Business Studies paper. Colonialism and the countryside colonial cities and understanding partition from class 12th History subject. Complete topic on GST from class 11th Business Studies subject. Complete chapters on population, democratic rights and food security in India from class 9th social science subject. Besides a chapter on Stree Siksha ke Virodhi Kutarko ka Khandan by Mahavir Prasad Dwivedi has been deleted from class 10thHindi subject

Though the CBSE’s move is supposed to lift the burden off the shoulders of students and teachers in the immediate term, allowing them to pay more attention on the quality of learning. Yet, the selection of topics deleted from the textbooks makes one wonder over the rational to pick these particular topics or chapters. Most of the deleted topics form the foundation of democratic societies and students need to learn about these to enhance their knowledge base. The irrational exclusions smacks of a political tone, to keep a large and young part of the population unaware of these issues.

In its defence, the CBSE also issued a press statement, citing the pandemic and NCERT recommendation for the syllabus revision. So far, only the West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee from the Opposition ranks has criticised the move.

A careful study of the topics deleted reveals that they include issues, which the current leaders do not want most people to know or discuss about. Instead it wants to insert a completely new narrative on these issues based on its ideological lines. We should remember that Sangh ideologues like Mr Dina Nath of Delhi had been working surreptitiously on rewriting the Indian history school textbooks for the last 25 years and they have been now made part of the syllabus. But the move didn’t attract much attention due to the surreptitious manner in which it was done.

Draft National Education Policy (NEP) 2019

The overall intent and decision maker’s mindset will be clearer, if we make efforts to study the Draft National Education Policy (NEP) introduced in 2019, in tandem with the latest move.

The NEP was expected to change the government funding on education, the structure of school education, the curricular design for school and higher education, the nature of teacher training and recruitment, among others.

However, a critical study of the 484-page NEP 2019 reveals an issue deserving of wider, more heated opposition. The words ‘secular’ or ‘secularism’ are not found anywhere in the NEP 2019. Though a clear reference to secular education was vital to be seen as the base for these ambitious reform proposals.

The absence of the word ‘secular’ in the NEP 2019 becomes all the more pronounced when seen in contrast to the earlier policies of mentioning secularism as a core Indian value for the Indian education. The omission of the words ‘secular’ and ‘secularism’ in the NEP 2019 is ominous, along with the frequent affirmation of its aim of inculcating constitutional values in the education system, making it doubly odd.

In contemporary India, which has seen a sharp rise in caste and religious violence, the curriculum and teaching methods in Indian classrooms clearly have a key role to play in making caste and religious prejudices in society irrelevant and out of times. The challenge is to find fresh and creative ways of making young minds grasp these difficult social realities.

You have to understand that you can’t hide history by giving it a new twist. Even in countries like the UK there are demands to teach again the medieval history to the school students. If you feel that by hiding the truth on your controversial decisions you’ll be able to befool people or hide your misjudgements then you are wrong, as the history will ultimately judge you, whether you like it or not.

Asad Mirza is a Sr journalist and commentator based in New Delhi. He writes on Muslims, educational, international affairs and interfaith issues. He can be contacted on [email protected]

Urdu version of this article appeared in daily Inquilab, 12 July 2020. English version provided by the author.

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